Worldwide Pressure Injury Prevention Day
What is a Pressure Injury?
Pressure injuries are wounds that occur when the skin and tissue are damaged by prolonged pressure, usually on bony areas like the back, heels, ankles, hips and tailbone.
Also known as bedsores, pressure sores, pressure areas, or pressure ulcers
Primary factors contributing to pressure injuries are:
Pressure: With constant Pressure on the body parts decreases the blood flow to skin tissues because of which the oxygen and necessary nutrients will not reach the tissues resulting in damage and eventual death of the tissues.
Friction: the fragile skin will be vulnerable to injuries caused due to skin rubbing against clothes or bed linens.
Shear: a Shear may develop when two surfaces skin and the surface below move in the opposite directions.
Why is it so important to spot them early & manage them well?
They can develop in a matter of hours and can take months to heal if not treated quickly.
A pressure area can lead to many complications, including needing surgery and long-term bed rest
How can you prevent them?
Prevent them by checking skin regularly if possible (with a mirror) or your support person checking for you
Know what to look for
Frequently reposition yourself to avoid stress on the skin
Maintain good nutrition and fluid intake
Signs of a pressure area
Chronic wound or swelling
Who is most likely to get one?
They can affect anyone who stays in bed or a chair for a long time, but are more common in older people, people with diabetes, or people with poor circulation or mobility, such as people with a spinal cord injury. Malnutrition and anemia can also be a risk factor.
How do our services help?
If you notice any of the signs above and think you are developing a pressure area – you can contact us directly (03 3350541).